Metabolic Effects of New Oral Hypoglycemic Agent CS-045 in NIDDM Subjects
Objective — To study the metabolic effects of a new oral antidiabetic agent, CS-045, in subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).
Research Design And Methods — Eleven NIDDM subjects (mean age 59 yr and body mass index 32.3) were treated with 400 mg/day CS-045 for 6-12 wk. Patients were hospitalized before and at the end of the drug-treatment period for metabolic studies, including oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), meal tolerance test (MTT), euglycemic glucose-clamp studies, and lipid analyses.
Results — Eight subjects showed a marked clinical response to the drug, whereas 3 were nonresponders. The data were analyzed both for the total group and for the responders. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) fell from 12.5 ± 0.7 to 10.7 ± 1.0 mM in the total group but fell more dramatically from 12.7 ± 0.5 to 8.3 ± 0.6 mM in the responder group. The area under the OGTT glucose curve improved by 17% in the total group and by 29% in the responders. The area under the MTT glucose curve improved by 38 and 52%, respectively. MTT levels of insulin, free fatty acids, and glucagon were significantly lower after treatment. Glucose disposal rates during glucose-clamp studies were increased in all subjects after CS-045 treatment. Mean increases were 63% at 120 mU · m−2 · min−1 and 41% at 300 mU · m−2 · min−1. Basal hepatic glucose production fell by 17% in the total group and by 28% in the responders.
Conclusions — CS-045 improves insulin resistance, reduces insulinemia, lowers hepatic glucose production, and improves both fasting and postprandial glycemia in NIDDM subjects. CS-045 may represent a new therapeutic option for NIDDM.
- Received March 12, 1991.
- Accepted July 3, 1991.
- Copyright © 1992 by the American Diabetes Association