Diabetes-Associated Mortality in Native Americans
- Jeffrey M Newman, MD, MPH,
- Frank DeStefano, MD, MPH,
- Sarah E Valway, DMD, MPH,
- Robert R German, MPH and
- Ben Muneta, MD
- Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Atlanta, Georgia Indian Health Service Albuquerque, New Mexico
- Address Correspondence and Reprint Requests to Jeffrey M. Newman, MD, MPH, Division of Diabetes Translation, Mailstop K10, Centers for Disease Control, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341-3724.
OBJECTIVE— To describe diabetes-associated mortality among Native Americans.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS— In this population-based study, we analyzed diabetes-associated mortality data from the IHS and the NCHS. We also examined diabetes data from the 1986 NMFS.
RESULTS— IHS area-specific diabetes mortality rates for 1984–1986 ranged from 10 to 93/100,000, compared with 15/100,000 for the total U.S. population. NCHS data for the same period listed diabetes as the underlying cause of 708 deaths among Native Americans and the contributory cause of 1252 deaths; 63% of the latter deaths were attributable to circulatory diseases. The 1986 NMFS demonstrated that Native American heritage is underreported by 65% on death certificates. Using deaths identified as Native American by NMFS, the age-adjusted mortality rate for diabetes as the underlying cause for Native Americans (96/100,000) was 4.3 times that for whites and two times that for blacks. Where diabetes was a contributory cause of death, the mortality rate for Native Americans (264/100,000) was 3.7 times that for whites and 2.4 times that for blacks.
CONCLUSIONS— The excessive diabetes-associated mortality among Native Americans is consistent with other indicators of the magnitude of the diabetes problem in this population. Further epidemiological research and expanded diabetes control interventions are needed.
- Copyright © 1993 by the American Diabetes Association