Prevalence and correlates of preventive care among adults with diabetes in Kansas.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and correlates of recommended preventive care among adults with diabetes in Kansas. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey was conducted among a sample of adults (> or = 18 years of age) with self-reported diabetes. Recommended preventive care was defined based on four criteria: number of health-care provider (HCP) visits per year (> or = 4 for insulin users and > or = 2 for nonusers), number of foot examinations per year (> or = 4 for insulin users and > or = 2 for nonusers), an annual dilated eye examination, and a blood pressure measurement in the past 6 months. RESULTS: The mean age of the 640 respondents was 61 years, 58% were women, and 86% were white. In the preceding year, 62% of respondents reported the appropriate number of visits to a HCP 27% the appropriate number of foot examinations, 65% an annual dilated eye examination, and 89% a blood pressure measurement in the preceding 6 months. Only 17% (95% CI 14-20) met all four criteria for recommended care. The adjusted odds of receiving recommended care were higher for males than for females (odds ratio [OR] 1.6; 95% CI 1.1-2.5), higher for people whose HCP scheduled follow-up appointments than for those who self-initiated follow-up (OR 2.7; 95% CI 1.6-4.8), and higher for former smokers than for current smokers (OR 3.1; 95% CI 1.6-6.9). CONCLUSIONS: Preventive care for people with diabetes is not being delivered in compliance with current guidelines, especially for women and current smokers. Scheduling follow-up visits for patients, targeting certain high-risk populations, and developing protocols to improve foot care may be effective in improving care.