Treatment of Chronic Painful Diabetic Neuropathy With Isosorbide Dinitrate Spray
A double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over study
- 1Eleanor Cripps Diabetes and Endocrine Centre, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge
- 2Diabetes Centre, Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, Ipswich, U.K.
OBJECTIVE—Considerable evidence implicates impaired nitric oxide (NO) generation in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathic pain. We therefore conducted a pilot study to examine the effects of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), a NO donor with local vasodilating properties, in spray form in the management of chronic neuropathic pain.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—The study was of double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, and two-period cross-over design. After a 2-week run-in period, 22 diabetic patients (13 men, 20 with type 2 diabetes, age [mean ± SE] 63.7 ± 1.8 years, duration of diabetes 9.1 ± 1.5 years, duration of painful neuropathy 2.6 ± 0.4 years) were randomized to receive ISDN or placebo sprays for 4 weeks, exchanging their treatment for a further 4 weeks after a 2-week wash-out period. The patients administered the spray to both feet before bedtime. Biweekly pain and other sensory symptoms were assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS) and the Lickert scale, respectively.
RESULTS—ISDN spray reduced overall neuropathic pain (P = 0.02) and burning sensation (P = 0.006). No treatment difference was observed with other sensory modalities (hot/cold sensation, tingling, numbness, hyperesthesia, and jabbing-like sensation). At study completion, 11 patients (50%) reported benefit and wished to continue using the ISDN spray, 4 (18%) preferred the placebo spray, and the remaining 7 (32%) were undecided.
CONCLUSIONS—ISDN spray offers an alternative and effective pharmacological option in relieving overall pain and burning sensation in the management of painful diabetic neuropathy. The potential of ISDN spray in alleviating other specific sensory symptoms associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy merits further study.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Gerry Rayman, Diabetes Centre, Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, Health Rd., Ipswich, IP4 5PD, U.K. E-mail:.
Received for publication 7 November 2001 and accepted in revised form 8 July 2002.
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