Evaluation of Conventional Blood Glucose Monitoring as an Indicator of Integrated Glucose Values Using a Continuous Subcutaneous Sensor
- From the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal Children’s Hospital, Montréal, Québec, Canada
OBJECTIVE—To use a portable continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) to evaluate how well the customary intermittent self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) correlates with integrated values during the surrounding time periods in ambulatory patients with type 1 diabetes.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—In the study, 18 young patients with type 1 diabetes were monitored with CGMS for up to 72 h, during which they continued to perform the four standard SMBG tests (preprandial and bedtime). Correlations were examined between each of the four standard SMBG tests and the mean CGMS values from defined periods that preceded and followed. We also tested how well a low bedtime SMBG predicted nocturnal hypoglycemia.
RESULTS—Strong correlations were found between 1) SMBG at breakfast and the mean CGMS value for the preceding 8 h (r = 0.7514), 2) SMBG at dinner and the CGMS from lunch to dinner (r = 0.7538), 3) SMBG at bedtime and the CGMS from dinner to bedtime (r = 0.8145), and 4) SMBG at bedtime and the CGMS from bedtime to breakfast (r = 0.6463). The remaining correlations were weak and not statistically significant. These correlations seem independent of insulin-delivery method as virtually identical results were obtained when data from patients on conventional versus intensive regimes were separately analyzed. A bedtime SMBG <7 mmol/l did not predict nocturnal hypoglycemia (defined as at least one CGMS value <3).
CONCLUSIONS—The breakfast and dinnertime SMBG values are good indicators of integrated glucose values in the time period preceding them, while the bedtime test correlates well with the integrated values both preceding and following it. This information should aid in the meaningful use of SMBG to evaluate glycemic control and make insulin dose adjustments.
- AUC, area under the curve
- CGMS, continuous glucose monitoring system
- DCCT, Diabetes Control and Complications Trial
- IBGL, integrated blood glucose level
- SMBG, self-monitoring of blood glucose
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Constantin Polychronakos, MD, McGill University Health Center, 2300 Tupper, Suite C244, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3H 1P3. E-mail:.
Received for publication 6 February 2002 and accepted in revised form 11 June 2002.
A table elsewhere in this issue shows conventional and Système International (SI) units and conversion factors for many substances.
- DIABETES CARE