Costs to Medicare of the Informatics for Diabetes Education and Telemedicine (IDEATel) Home Telemedicine Demonstration

Findings from an independent evaluation

  1. Lorenzo Moreno, PHD1,
  2. Stacy B. Dale, MPA1,
  3. Arnold Y. Chen, MD1 and
  4. Carol A. Magee, PHD2
  1. 1Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey;
  2. 2Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Baltimore, Maryland.
  1. Corresponding author: Lorenzo Moreno, lmoreno{at}mathematica-mpr.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To estimate the impacts on Medicare costs of providing a particular type of home telemedicine to eligible Medicare beneficiaries with type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Two cohorts of beneficiaries (n = 1,665 and 504, respectively) living in two medically underserved areas of New York between 2000 and 2007 were randomized to intensive nurse case management via televisits or usual care. Medicare service use and costs covering a 6-year follow-up period were drawn from claims data. Impacts were estimated using regression analyses.

RESULTS Informatics for Diabetes Education and Telemedicine (IDEATel) did not reduce Medicare costs in either site. Total costs were between 71 and 116% higher for the treatment group than for the control group.

CONCLUSIONS Although IDEATel had modest effects on clinical outcomes (reported elsewhere), it did not reduce Medicare use or costs for health services. The intervention's costs were excessive (over $8,000 per person per year) compared with programs with similar-sized clinical impacts.

Footnotes

  • The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. This article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

    • Received January 18, 2009.
    • Accepted March 30, 2009.
  • Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ for details.

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  1. Diabetes Care vol. 32 no. 7 1202-1204
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