Long-Term Prognostic Importance of Diabetes After a Myocardial Infarction Depends on Left Ventricular Systolic Function

  1. Lars Køber, MD, DSC2
  1. 1Department of Cardiology, Gentofte University Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark
  2. 2The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
  3. 3Brigham Cardiovascular Division, Brigham & Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
  1. Corresponding author: Charlotte Andersson, ca{at}


OBJECTIVE This study was performed to understand how left ventricular function modulates the prognostic importance of diabetes after myocardial infarction (MI).

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Consecutively hospitalized MI patients screened for three clinical trials were followed for a median of 7 years. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to assess the risk of mortality associated with diabetes, and the importance of diabetes was examined independently within defined left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) subgroups.

RESULTS A total of 16,912 patients were included; 1,819 (11%) had diabetes. Diabetes and 15% unit depression in LVEF were of similar prognostic importance: hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.45 (95% CI 1.37–1.54) and 1.41 (1.37–1.45) for diabetes and LVEF depression, respectively. LVEF modified the outcomes associated with diabetes, with HRs being 1.29 (1.19–1.40) and 1.61 (1.49–1.74) in patients with LVEF <40% and LVEF ≥40%, respectively (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS Patients within the higher LVEF categories have a greater mortality risk attributable to diabetes than patients within the lower LVEF categories.

  • Received January 24, 2011.
  • Accepted May 14, 2011.

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  1. Diabetes Care vol. 34 no. 8 1788-1790
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