Efficacy and Safety of Multiple Doses of Exenatide Once-Monthly Suspension in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Phase II Randomized Clinical Trial
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the efficacy and safety of multiple exenatide once-monthly suspension (QMS) doses of exenatide-containing microspheres in Miglyol referenced against the clinical dose of exenatide once-weekly (QW) microspheres in aqueous solution.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this phase II, randomized, controlled, single-blind study, 121 adults (∼30/arm) with type 2 diabetes and HbA1c 7.1–11.0% (54–97 mmol/mol) were randomized 1:1:1:1 to subcutaneous exenatide QW 2 mg (self-administered) or exenatide QMS 5, 8, or 11 mg (caregiver-administered) for 20 weeks. The primary end point was change in HbA1c.
RESULTS At baseline, mean age was 50 years, HbA1c was 8.5% (69 mmol/mol), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was 184 mg/dL, and body weight was 98 kg. At week 20, mean ± SD HbA1c reductions were −1.54% ± 1.26% with exenatide QW and −1.29% ± 1.07%, −1.31% ± 1.66%, and −1.45% ± 0.93% with exenatide QMS 5, 8, and 11 mg, respectively (evaluable population: n = 110). There were no significant differences in HbA1c reductions among the exenatide QMS doses. FPG reductions were −34 ± 48 mg/dL with exenatide QW and −25 ± 43, −30 ± 52, and −49 ± 49 mg/dL with exenatide QMS 5, 8, and 11 mg, respectively. Weight decreased with all treatments. For exenatide QMS, nausea (16.7–23.3%) and headache (16.7–26.7%) were the most common adverse events. No major or minor hypoglycemia occurred.
CONCLUSIONS All doses of exenatide QMS resulted in efficacy and tolerability profiles consistent with exenatide QW. These results combined with pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling could inform dose selection for further development.
Clinical trial reg. no. NCT01104701, clinicaltrials.gov.
This article contains Supplementary Data online at http://care.diabetesjournals.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.2337/dc16-0238/-/DC1
This article is featured in a podcast available at http://www.diabetesjournals.org/content/diabetes-core-update-podcasts.
L.M. is currently affiliated with Intercept Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA
- Received February 3, 2016.
- Accepted July 4, 2016.
- © 2016 by the American Diabetes Association.