Association of Plasma DPP4 Activity With Mild Cognitive Impairment in Elderly Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results From the GDMD Study in China
OBJECTIVE Hyperglycemia, inflammation, and oxidative stress are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of cognitive decline. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) is a newly identified adipokine related to these risk factors. Hence, we aimed to investigate the association between plasma DPP4 activities and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We evaluated plasma DPP4 activity, inflammatory markers, and oxidative stress parameters in a cross-sectional sample of 1,160 patients with type 2 diabetes aged 60 years or older in China. MCI was diagnosed based on criteria established by the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association workgroups
RESULTS Patients in the highest quartile of DPP4 activity had higher HbA1c, interleukin 6 (IL-6), CRP, nitrotyrosine, 8-iso-PGF2a, and lower Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores compared with subjects in the lowest quartile (P < 0.001). In the highest DPP4 quartile, MCI risk was higher (odds ratio 3.49; 95% CI 1.97–4.57) than in the lowest quartile after adjustment for potential confounders. The risk for MCI increased more with higher levels of DPP4 activity, IL-6, CRP, nitrotyrosine, and 8-iso-PGF2a (P < 0.05), but not with higher levels of HbA1c.
CONCLUSIONS This study shows that increased DPP4 activities are independently associated with MCI in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. The mechanisms might be partly explained by the effect of DPP4 on inflammation and oxidative stress. These observations raise further interest in DPP4 activity for its potential effect on these MCI-related risk factors as a biological marker or even a possible therapeutic target for MCI.
Clinical trial reg. no. ChiCTR-EPC-14005273, www.chictr.org.cn.
This article contains Supplementary Data online at http://care.diabetesjournals.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.2337/dc16-0316/-/DC1.
- Received February 14, 2016.
- Accepted June 8, 2016.
- © 2016 by the American Diabetes Association.