Accelerated Insulin Pharmacokinetics and Improved Postprandial Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes After Coadministration of Prandial Insulins With Hyaluronidase

  1. Daniel E. Vaughn, PHD2
  1. 1Profil Institute for Clinical Research, Chula Vista, California
  2. 2Halozyme Therapeutics, San Diego, California
  1. Corresponding author: Daniel E. Vaughn, dvaughn{at}halozyme.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To compare the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of insulin lispro or regular human insulin (RHI) with or without recombinant human hyaluronidase (rHuPH20) administered before a standardized meal.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this four-way, crossover study, 22 patients with type 1 diabetes received injections of individually optimized doses of lispro or RHI with and without rHuPH20 before a liquid meal.

RESULTS With rHuPH20 coadministration, early insulin exposure (0–60 min) increased by 54% (P = 0.0011) for lispro and 206% (P < 0.0001) for RHI compared with the respective insulin alone. Peak blood glucose decreased 26 mg/dL for lispro (P = 0.002) and 24 mg/dL for RHI (P = 0.017), reducing hyperglycemic excursions (area under the curve for blood glucose >140 mg/dL) by 79% (P = 0.09) and 85% (P = 0.049), respectively. Rates of hypoglycemia were comparable for lispro with or without rHuPH20, whereas coadministration of RHI and rHuPH20 reduced hypoglycemia.

CONCLUSIONS Lispro or RHI with rHuPH20 produced earlier and greater peak insulin concentrations and improved postprandial glycemic control.

  • Received October 4, 2010.
  • Accepted December 20, 2010.

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This Article

  1. Diabetes Care
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