Analysis of Glucose Responses to Automated Insulin Suspension With Sensor-Augmented Pump Therapy

  1. Timothy W. Jones, FRACP, MD1,2,3
  1. 1Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  2. 2Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  3. 3School of Paediatrics and Child Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  1. Corresponding author: Timothy W. Jones, tim.jones{at}health.wa.gov.au.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The advent of sensor-augmented pump therapy with a low-glucose suspend (LGS) function (Medtronic Paradigm Veo System), allowing insulin to be automatically suspended for up to 2 h when sensor glucose falls below a preset threshold, has the potential to reduce the duration of hypoglycemia. In this report, we analyzed blood glucose profiles following a full 2-h insulin suspension activated by the LGS function, as well as examined different patterns of use among patients.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Data from a cohort of participants using the Veo system for up to 6 months were analyzed to determine the time and duration of insulin suspension activated by the LGS function. We further evaluated overnight suspend events with no patient response occurring prior to 3:00 a.m., which allowed us to determine the pattern of sensor glucose values with no patient intervention during and after the period of insulin suspension.

RESULTS There were 3,128 LGS events during the 2,493 days evaluated. The median duration was 11.2 min, and 36% of events occurred overnight. There were 126 full 2-h suspend events that occurred overnight with no patient response, occurring before 3:00 a.m. For these events, the mean sensor glucose at the end of the 2-h suspend period was 99 ± 6 mg/dL ([means ± SE] 5.5 ± 0.3 mmol/L). The mean sensor glucose 2 h after insulin delivery resumed was 155 ± 10 mg/dL (8.6 ± 0.6 mmol/L). There were no episodes of severe hypoglycemia or diabetic ketoacidosis.

CONCLUSIONS Analyses of sensor glucose patterns following insulin suspension activated by LGS suggest that this technology is safe and unlikely to be associated with adverse outcomes.

  • Received January 9, 2012.
  • Accepted March 8, 2012.

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This Article

  1. Diabetes Care
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