Quantitative Estimation of Insulin Sensitivity in Type 1 Diabetic Subjects Wearing a Sensor Augmented Insulin Pump

  1. Claudio Cobelli, PhD1
  1. 1Department of Information Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
  2. 2Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN
  1. Corresponding Author: Claudio Cobelli, E-mail: cobelli{at}


Objective The goal was to develop a new index of insulin sensitivity in patients with type 1 diabetes estimated from continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and subcutaneous insulin delivery data under carefully controlled conditions.

Research Design & Methods The data base consists of 12 subjects with type 1 diabetes, studied during breakfast, lunch and dinner, in a clinical research unit, wearing both subcutaneous insulin pump and CGM. Frequent blood samples were drawn for measurements of plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in order to estimate insulin sensitivity with the oral minimal model (SIMM). The new index of insulin sensitivity (SISP) was calculated with a simple algebraic formula, for each meal, using only CGM and insulin pump data and compared with SIMM.

Results SISP was well correlated with SIMM (r = 0.825, p<10-8) and diurnal pattern was also similar to SIMM.

Conclusion A novel method for estimating insulin sensitivity in subjects with type 1 diabetes on sensor augmented insulin pump therapy has been presented. This new index correlates well with the reference oral minimal model estimate of insulin sensitivity. The knowledge of patient-specific insulin sensitivity and its diurnal variation can help in optimizing insulin therapy in type 1 diabetes and could also inform the next generation closed-loop control systems.

  • Received May 10, 2013.
  • Accepted October 22, 2013.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. See for details.

This Article

  1. Diabetes Care
  1. All Versions of this Article:
    1. dc13-1120v1
    2. 37/5/1216 most recent