OBJECTIVE To examine, among patients with type 2 diabetes, the association between hospitalization for heart failure (hHF) and treatment with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4is) versus sulfonylureas (SUs), and treatment with saxagliptin versus sitagliptin.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a retrospective, observational study using a U.S. insurance claims database. Patients initiated treatment between 1 August 2010 and 30 August 2013, and had no use of the comparator treatments in the prior 12 months (baseline). Each comparison consisted of patients matched 1:1 on a propensity score. Time to each outcome was compared between matched groups using Cox models. Analyses were stratified by the presence of baseline cardiovascular disease (CVD). Secondary analyses examined associations between comparator treatments and other selected cardiovascular events.
RESULTS After matching, the study included 218,556 patients in comparisons of DPP-4i and SU, and 112,888 in comparisons of saxagliptin and sitagliptin. The hazard ratios (HRs) of hHF were as follows: DPP-4i versus SU (reference): HR 0.95 (95% CI 0.78–1.15), P = 0.580 for patients with baseline CVD; HR 0.59 (95% CI 0.38–0.89), P = 0.013 for patients without baseline CVD; saxagliptin versus sitagliptin (reference): HR 0.95 (95% CI 0.70–1.28), P = 0.712 for patients with baseline CVD; HR 0.99 (95% CI 0.56–1.75), P = 0.972 for patients without baseline CVD. Comparisons of the individual secondary and composite cardiovascular outcomes followed a similar pattern.
CONCLUSIONS In patients with type 2 diabetes, there was no association between hHF, or other selected cardiovascular outcomes, and treatment with a DPP-4i relative to SU or treatment with saxagliptin relative to sitagliptin.
- Received April 12, 2015.
- Accepted December 5, 2015.
- © 2016 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered.