Plasma Triglycerides and HDL-C Levels Predict the Development of Diabetic Kidney Disease in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes: The AMD Annals Initiative
OBJECTIVE Despite the achievement of blood glucose, blood pressure, and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) targets, the risk for diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains high among patients with type 2 diabetes. This observational retrospective study investigated whether diabetic dyslipidemia—that is, high triglyceride (TG) and/or low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels—contributes to this high residual risk for DKD.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Among a total of 47,177 patients attending Italian diabetes centers, 15,362 patients with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2, normoalbuminuria, and LDL-C ≤130 mg/dL completing a 4-year follow-up were analyzed. The primary outcome was the incidence of DKD, defined as either low eGFR (<60 mL/min/1.73 m2) or an eGFR reduction >30% and/or albuminuria.
RESULTS Overall, 12.8% developed low eGFR, 7.6% an eGFR reduction >30%, 23.2% albuminuria, and 4% albuminuria and either eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or an eGFR reduction >30%. TG ≥150 mg/dL increased the risk of low eGFR by 26%, of an eGFR reduction >30% by 29%, of albuminuria by 19%, and of developing one abnormality by 35%. HDL-C <40 mg/dL in men and <50 mg/dL in women were associated with a 27% higher risk of low eGFR and a 28% risk of an eGFR reduction >30%, with a 24% higher risk of developing albuminuria and a 44% risk of developing one abnormality. These associations remained significant when TG and HDL-C concentrations were examined as continuous variables, and were only attenuated by multivariate adjustment for numerous confounders.
CONCLUSIONS In a large population of outpatients with diabetes, low HDL-C and high TG levels were independent risk factors for the development of DKD over 4 years.
- Received June 10, 2016.
- Accepted September 8, 2016.
- © 2016 by the American Diabetes Association.