Fixed effects | Non–insulin-treated patients | Insulin-treated patients | ||
---|---|---|---|---|

β | P | β | P | |

Level 1 covariates | ||||

Women | 0.22 | 0.001 | 0.33 | 0.038 |

BMI | 0.02 | 0.003 | 0.04 | 0.050 |

Diabetes duration | 0.02 | <0.001 | 0.01 | 0.320 |

Diabetes treatment | ||||

Diet alone versus oral agents (rc) | −0.71 | <0.001 | — | — |

SMBG frequency | ||||

≥1/day | 0.30 | 0.008 | — | — |

≥1/week | 0.27 | <0.001 | — | — |

<1/week or never (rc) | — | — | ||

Combined effect of SMBG and ISM | ||||

ISM yes/SMBG ≥1/day | −0.55 | 0.015 | ||

ISM yes/SMBG ≥1/week | — | — | −0.31 | 0.178 |

ISM yes/SMBG <1/week | — | — | −0.33 | 0.244 |

ISM no/SMBG any (rc) | — | — |

Random effects | Estimate | Proportion of total variance | Estimate | Proportion of total variance |
---|---|---|---|---|

Level 2 variance (random intercept) | 0.62 | 27% | 0.62 | 19% |

Level 1 variance (residual) | 1.71 | 73% | 2.61 | 81% |

Deviance test for the random intercept | χ^{2} | P | χ^{2} | P |

237.62 | <0.0001 | 36.70 | <0.0001 |

rc, reference category.