Table 1 —

Selected baseline characteristics of 9,208 adults by sex and baseline diabetes status

CharacteristicWomen
Men
With diabetesWithout diabetesWith diabetesWithout diabetes
n30345742304101
Age (years)56.5 ± 0.849.1 ± 0.358.8 ± 1.0*48.9 ± 0.3
White82.588.1 84.388.3
Smoker39.2*49.2 73.375.5
At or below poverty level17.6*11.6 13.9∗ 7.7
Cholesterol (mmol/l)6.0 ± 0.15.8 ± 0.035.8 ± 0.15.7 ± 0.03
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)144.0 ± 2.0*128.9 ± 0.7144.5 ± 1.6*132.0 ± 0.6
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)83.4 ± 1.0*79.5 ± 0.485.5 ± 1.1*82.95 ± 0.5
Hypertension69.6*37.2 64.5*40.7
CHF 2.9* 0.77 3.9* 1.4
Heart attack 7.7* 2.5 15.5* 5.3
BMI (kg/m2)28.9 ± 0.51*25.7 ± 0.1226.8 ± 0.38*25.9 ± 0.06
Quintiles of BMI (kg/m2)
 ≤2216.4*27.3 14.014.5
 23–24.310.3*21.3 20.821.1
 24.4–26.511.7*16.6 20.325.8
 26.6–29.920.0*16.4 24.124.8
 ≥30.041.5*18.4 20.713.7
  • Data are % and mean ± SE and are weighted to account for the complex sampling design.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 for sex-specific comparison between adults with versus without diabetes.