Table 1—

Descriptive characteristics of the RT & WL and WL groups

RT & WLWL
n1613
Age (years)67.6 ± 5.266.9 ± 5.3
Sex (M/F)10/66/7
Duration of diabetes (years)7.6 ± 5.48.8 ± 7.9
Oral hypoglycemic medication use (n)1510
Anthropometry
 Height (cm)167.8 ± 8.7166.0 ± 9.1
 Weight (kg)88.7 ± 10.989.5 ± 12.1
 BMI (kg/m2)31.5 ± 3.732.5 ± 3.8
 Waist circumference (cm)105.3 ± 7.5103.3 ± 11.4
Body composition
 Fat mass (kg)33.1 ± 7.435.6 ± 6.8
 LBM (kg)51.8 ± 8.149.7 ± 9.5
Blood pressure
 Systolic (mmHg)145 ± 17.8147 ± 15.5
 Diastolic (mmHg)78 ± 8.875 ± 6.4
Serum glucose and insulin
 Fasting glucose (mmol/l)9.5 ± 2.39.4 ± 2.1
 Fasting insulin (pmol/l)132.9 ± 63.0101.9 ± 25.8
 Insulin sensitivity (HOMA)17.7 ± 6.520.8 ± 6.2
 HbA1c (%)8.1 ± 1.07.5 ± 1.1
Serum lipids
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.1 ± 0.85.7 ± 1.2
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.2 ± 0.21.4 ± 0.3
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.1 ± 0.83.5 ± 0.9
 Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.8 ± 0.81.8 ± 0.8
Total energy intake (kcal/day)1,783 ± 3491,815 ± 431
Estimated energy expenditure (kcal/day)*3,022 ± 4133,109 ± 428
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * Calculated from 7-day recall.