Table 3—

Absolute changes in anthropometry, body composition, muscle strength, blood pressure, energy expenditure, and energy intake from baseline for the RT & WL and WL groups, and the net difference between groups

3-month change from baseline
6-month change from baseline
RT & WLWLNet difference (95% CI)RT & WLWLNet difference (95% CI)
Anthropometry
 Body mass (kg)−1.8 ± 2.0*−2.0 ± 1.5*0.2 (−1.2 to 1.6)−2.5 ± 2.9*−3.1 ± 2.1*0.6 (−1.3 to 2.6)
 Waist circumference (cm)−3.8 ± 3.5*−3.1 ± 3.2*−0.7 (−3.3 to 2.0)−6.9 ± 5.7*−6.7 ± 6.1*−0.2 (−4.8 to 4.2)
Body Composition
 Fat mass (kg)−2.4 ± 2.8*−2.1 ± 2.5*0.3 (−2.4 to 1.8)
 LBM (kg)0.5 ± 1.2−0.4 ± 1.00.9 (0.05–1.8)§
Muscle strength
 Upper body (% change)30.5 ± 18.8*7.6 ± 15.722.9 (7.6–38.2)43.2 ± 34.2*1.5 ± 17.741.7 (14.4–69.0)
 Lower body (% change)8.0 ± 17.12.1 ± 18.45.9 (−8.9 to 20.6)33.0 ± 21.7*5.0 ± 16.928.0 (9.1–46.9)
Resting blood pressure (mmHg)
 Systolic−4.9 ± 13.9−3.8 ± 13.6−1.1 (−11.7 to 9.4)−6.7 ± 10.0−2.5 ± 15.8−4.2 (−14.1 to 5.7)
 Diastolic−3.6 ± 7.4−0.9 ± 6.8−2.7 (−8.1 to 2.8)−4.4 ± 6.9−0.9 ± 10.1−3.5 (−10.0 to 3.0)
Energy expenditure (kcal/day)−38 ± 209−80 ± 20742 (−117 to 202)−97 ± 204−55 ± 253−42 (−216 to 131)
Total energy intake (kcal/day)−275 ± 343−241 ± 311−34 (−309 to 241)−281 ± 418−391 ± 251*110 (−193 to 413)
  • Data are means ± SD or means (95% CI). Net difference refers to the within-group change from baseline in the RT & WL group minus the within-group change from baseline in the WL group.

  • *

    * P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.05 within-group differences from baseline;

  • P < 0.01,

  • §

    § P < 0.05 between-group difference from baseline.