Table 3—

Independent predictors of CAM use in the general population and among individuals with diabetes in 1996

General populationPeople with diabetes
n21,571825
Age ≥65 years0.73 (0.48–1.11)3.05 (1.40–6.67)*
Age <65 (reference)1.001.00
Women2.17 (1.82–2.83)*1.72 (0.90–3.33)
Men (reference)1.001.00
Hispanic0.71 (0.52–0.98)*1.10 (0.50–2.41)
Black0.52 (0.33–0.82)*0.81 (0.35–1.91)
White/other (reference)1.001.00
Married0.93 (0.75–1.14)
Not married1.00
High school and higher2.78 (1.96–3.85)*2.43 (1.16–5.08)*
Less than high school (reference)1.001.00
Northeastern0.39 (0.28–0.54)*
Midwestern0.43 (0.31–0.59)*
Southern0.42 (0.33–0.54)*
Western (reference)1.00
Poor physical health1.56 (1.11–2.17)*
Good physical health (reference)1.00
Poor mental health1.19 (0.74–1.87)
Good mental health (reference)1.00
Private insurance0.71 (0.53–0.95)*
Public insurance0.79 (0.54–1.16)
Uninsured (reference)1.00
Employed1.48 (1.13–1.94)*
Not employed (reference)1.00
125% + of poverty1.33 (0.98–1.80)1.29 (0.64–2.61)
<125% of poverty (reference)1.001.00
Diabetes alone2.16 (1.35–3.45)*1.00 (Reference)
Diabetes + other chronic conditions1.76 (1.06–2.95)*1.11 (0.54–2.26)
No comorbidity (reference)1.001.00 (0.41–2.44)
  • Data are adjusted odds ratio (95% CI).

  • *

    * Statistically significant at P < 0.05;

  • diabetes plus one chronic condition;

  • diabetes plus two or more chronic conditions.