Table 1—

Baseline variables and risk factors in 537 type 1 diabetic patients according to development of incipient/overt diabetic nephropathylegend

NormoalbuminuriaIncipient/overt diabetic nephropathy
n403134
Sex (% male)5251
Age (years)40 ± 1241 ± 13
Duration of diabetes (years)*20 (5–60)20 (5–55)
HbA1c (%)8.6 ± 1.79.2 ± 1.8
Retinopathy (%)63 (58–68)78 (71–85)
Systolic BP (mmHg)133 ± 18133 ± 17
Diastolic BP (mmHg)80 ± 980 ± 9
Albuminuria (mg/24 h)9 (9–10)13 (12–15)
Serum creatinine (μmol/l)71 ± 1368 ± 68
Smokers (%)5770
  • legend

    legend Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Median (range);

  • P < 0.05;

  • geometric mean (95% CI). BP, blood pressure.