Table 2—

Risk factors for progression to incipient or overt diabetic nephropathy in 537 type 1 diabetic patients followed for 10 years, by means of Cox multiple regression analysislegend

VariableRelative risk95% CIP
Log10 urinary albumin excretion rate*2.631.65–4.19<0.0001
HbA1c (%)1.131.04–1.23<0.01
Retinopathy (any)1.901.26–2.88<0.01
Smoking1.611.11–2.33<0.02
  • legend

    legend Sex, duration of diabetes, arterial blood pressure, serum creatinine, height, and social class were not selected in the final model.

  • *

    * Relative risk corresponds to 10-fold increase in variable.