Table 1—

Characteristics of subjects at baseline according to sex

WomenMenP
N388394
Age (years)52 (48–59)53 (48–59)NS
BMI (kg/m2)28.3 (24.5–32.5)27.8 (25.1–30.7)NS
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)118 (108–129)122 (113–130)<0.01
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)73 (68–79)78 (70–84)<0.001
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)98 (92–106)100 (94–107)<0.05
2-h glucose (mg/dl)106 (91–122)98 (80–116)<0.001
HbA1c (%)5.0 (4.7–5.3)5.0 (4.7–5.3)NS
Insulin (mm/ml)10.6 (6.4–15.4)10.0 (6.2–15.5)NS
Fibrinogen (mg/dl)280 (244–320)264 (229–304)<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl)101 (68–184)100 (70–144)NS
Albumin-to-creatinine ratio (mg/g)6.01 (3.78–9.43)4.09 (2.29–7.27)<0.001
Hypertension (%)2024NS
Current drinkers (%)4458<0.001
Current smokers (%)4350<0.05
Full Indian heritage (%)4144NS
  • Data for continuous variables are median (25th–75th percentile). A total of 52 HbA1c values were missing. No more than six values were missing for any of the other variables.