Table 2—

Characteristics of subjects at baseline according to presence or absence of abnormal albumin excretion at the follow-up visit

Albumin-to-creatinine ratio (mg/g)
≥30<30P
N52730
Age (years)54 (50–60)52 (48–59)NS
BMI (kg/m2)28.2 (24.8–31.5)28.2 (24.9–31.6)NS
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)121 (111–113)119 (100–129)NS
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)78 (72–87)75 (69–82)<0.05
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)100 (94–108)99 (93–106)NS
2-h glucose (mg/dl)110 (89–120)103 (85–120)NS
HbA1c (%)5.1 (4.8–5.5)5.0 (4.7–5.3)NS
Insulin (mm/ml)11.8 (8.6–16.5)10.2 (6.2–15.3)<0.05
Fibrinogen (mg/dl)290 (234–336)270 (234–310)NS
Triglycerides (mg/dl)109 (71–154)100 (69–140)NS
Albumin-to-creatinine ratio (mg/g)11.2 (5.1–16.2)4.9 (2.8–8.1)<0.001
Sex (%)5250NS
Hypertension (%)2922NS
Current drinkers (%)4851NS
Current smokers (%)4446NS
Full Indian heritage (%)7756<0.01
  • Data for continuous variables are median (25th–75th percentile). A total of 52 HbA1c values were missing. No more than six values were missing for any of the other variables.