Table 5—

Characteristics of diabetic participants (determined at the follow-up visit) according to the presence or absence of abnormal albumin excretion at the follow-up visit

Albumin-to-creatinine ratio (mg/g)
P
≥30<30
Baseline
N1986
 Age (years)51 (47–60)512 (47–57)NS
 BMI (kg/m2)30.1 (26.4–34.6)30.6 (27.4–33.5)NS
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)117 (110–130)121 (113–130)NS
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)78 (71–86)75 (70–80)NS
 Fasting glucose (mg/dl)107 (98–114)103 (96–110)NS
 2-h glucose (mg/dl)117 (109–128)112 (94–126)NS
 HbA1c (%)5.2 (4.9–5.5)5.1 (4.8–5.5)NS
 Insulin (mm/ml)13.0 (10.6–17.0)15.3 (11.0–20.9)NS
 Fibrinogen (mg/dl)290 (234–326)284 (248–317)NS
 Triglycerides (mg/dl)109 (78–153)112 (80–171)NS
 Albumin-to-creatinine ratio (mg/g)9.9 (4.5–16)5.1 (3–9)<0.05
 Sex (%)4238NS
 Hypertension (%)3222NS
 Current drinkers (%)5347NS
 Current smokers (%)3742NS
 Full Indian heritage (%)7963NS
Follow-up Visit
 Fasting glucose (mg/dl)145 (114–263)121 (106–151)<0.05
 HbA1c (%)6.4 (5.2–8.5)5.7 (5.2–6.5)NS
  • Data for continuous variables are median (25th–75th percentile). A total of 4 HbA1c values were missing.