Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of participants in the SAHS (Phase II) who were free of diabetes and CVD stratified by sex and ethnicity

Variable*Mexican-American
Non-Hispanic white
P
MenWomenMenWomenEthnicitySex
n668909379457
Age (years)40.9 (11.0)41.8 (10.7)43.0 (11.0)42.9 (11.0)0.00090.67
BMI (kg/m2)28.1 (4.4)28.6 (6.3)26.9 (4.2)25.2 (5.2)<0.00010.46
Waist circumference (mm)942.0 (109.5)864.9 (140.9)956.8 (109.0)811.2 (127.5)0.0003<0.0001
WHR0.93 (0.06)0.83 (0.08)0.95 (0.07)0.81 (0.07)0.61<0.0001
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)86.8 (10.3)84.9 (10.5)87.0 (10.7)83.0 (10.3)0.0359<0.0001
2-h glucose (mg/dl)99.2 (32.2)112.3 (31.0)94.4 (32.5)98.2 (28.2)<0.0001<0.0001
Fasting insulin (IU/ml)14.6 (13.5)14.1 (14.8)11.6 (11.3)10.2 (11.6)<0.00010.0052
HOMA-IR (units)3.2 (3.3)3.1 (3.4)2.6 (2.7)2.1 (2.7)<0.00010.0009
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)42.7 (11.7)49.0 (12.9)42.4 (11.6)53.6 (15.0)0.0003<0.0001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)127.6 (35.7)119.6 (35.3)124.9 (34.0)118.0 (35.3)0.28<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)199.6 (38.9)193.3 (38.9)195.1 (39.0)193.0 (40.2)0.280.0019
Triglyceride (mg/dl)162.5 (113.5)127.6 (72.4)149.8 (114.6)106.7 (71.3)<0.0001<0.0001
Systolic BP (mmHg)122.9 (13.4)116.0 (15.5)121.3 (13.0)113.0 (15.0)0.0002<0.0001
Diastolic BP (mmHg)74.4 (8.9)70.7 (8.7)73.9 (8.2)68.7 (9.1)0.0013<0.0001
Alcohol (g/month)97.9 (141.6)18.8 (48.8)84.4 (122.4)31.5 (56.9)0.00210.0152
Physical activity (times/week)1.8 (2.5)1.6 (2.5)1.9 (2.6)2.1 (2.5)0.51<0.0001
Smoking (% current)33.719.129.322.30.78<0.0001
  • *

    * Values are means (±SD) or proportions;

  • test performed on log-transformed variable. BP, blood pressure; WHR, waist-to-hip ratio.