Table 2—

Results of multiple logistic regression model of the association between diabetes, IGT, and selected factors

Variable (unit entered)Men with diabetes
Women with diabetes
Men with IGT
Women with IGT
POdds ratio (95% CI)POdds ratio (95% CI)POdds ratio (95% CI)POdds ratio (95% CI)
Age (1 year)<0.0011.08 (1.07–1.08)<0.0011.06 (1.05–1.07)<0.0011.04 (1.04–1.05)<0.0011.03 (1.02–1.03)
BMI (1 unit)<0.0011.05 (1.03–1.07)<0.0011.04 (1.03–1.05)<0.0011.04 (1.02–1.06)<0.0011.03 (1.02–1.04)
WHR (0.1 unit)<0.0014.51 (1.97–10.33)<0.0014.02 (2.16–7.47)0.0492.44 (1.00–5.96)
Familial diabetes (no)
 Yes<0.0013.30 (2.74–3.98)<0.0012.83 (2.44–3.27)0.0051.37 (1.10–1.71)
HT (no)
 Mild*0.0011.39 (1.14–1.69)<0.0011.82 (1.55–2.15)<0.0011.59 (1.28–1.98)0.0331.18 (1.01–1.37)
 Severe<0.0011.88 (1.47–2.41)<0.0012.15 (1.75–2.64)<0.0011.65 (1.24–2.21)0.0161.28 (1.05–1.57)
Smoking (no)
 Yes0.0030.73 (0.59–0.91)0.00090.63 (0.48–0.83)
Alcohol (no)
 Moderate 1–3 /week)0.0040.63 (0.46–0.87)0.0291.38 (1.03–1.86)
 Heavy (>3/week)0.0042.26 (1.29–3.97)
Education (Illiterate)
 Elementary education<0.0011.94 (1.43–2.62)0.0060.78 (0.66–0.93)
 Secondary education0.00671.75 (1.17–2.63)0.0150.54 (0.33–0.89)0.0140.59 (0.39–0.90)
 High school graduate0.00062.10 (1.37–3.21)0.0010.43 (0.26–0.71)0.0210.65 (0.45–0.94)
 University education0.00422.00 (1.24–3.21)0.0030.34 (0.16–0.69)
SES (Very poor)
 Poor
 Moderate0.0090.69 (0.52–0.91)0.0051.30 (1.08–1.57)
 High0.0040.48 (0.29–0.80)0.0241.44 (1.05–1.99)
 Wealthy
Region (Northern)
 Southern0.0021.37 (1.12–1.68)
 Western
 Eastern
 Central0.0100.70 (0.53–0.92)
Residence (Urban)
 Rural<0.0010.67 (0.57–0.78)
  • Variables entered in the model: age, sex, BMI, WHR, familial diabetes, HT, smoking, alcohol, social status, education, family size, SES, profession, geographical region, and residence.

  • *

    * Mild HT: sBP < 160 and/or dBP < 95 mmHg.

  • Severe HT: sBP ≥ 160 and/or dBP ≥ 95 mmHg.