Table 2—

Percent changes in 2-h PG and changes from baseline in the absolute value of “overintake/underintake fraction” for total energy intake 1 year after initiation of dietary education in the NDE group and the control group

VariableNDE groupControl groupAdjusted* difference between the groups
Mean95% CITwo-tailed P value
n7977
Percent changes in plasma glucose (%)
 Fasting−0.5 ± 0.92.2 ± 0.9−1.8−4.2 to 0.60.153
 1-h PG−5.2 ± 2.6−3.3 ± 2.3−3.7−9.9 to 2.50.242
 2-h PG−8.2 ± 1.911.2 ± 3.0−15.2−8.4 to −22.0<0.001
Change from baseline in the absolute value of “overintake/underintake fraction” for total energy intake (%)
 Breakfast0.4 ± 1.5−2.1 ± 0.92.6−0.7 to 5.80.126
 Lunch0.4 ± 1.11.0 ± 1.2−0.5−3.8 to 2.70.746
 Dinner−3.0 ± 4.111.7 ± 3.7−15.3−24.6 to −6.00.002
 Daily−1.8 ± 1.54.0 ± 1.4−6.0−9.8 to −2.20.002
  • Data are mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • * Adjusted for baseline value by ANCOVA.