Table 2—

Adjusted HRs for overall CVD by tertiles of non-HDL cholesterol in diabetic American Indians: the Strong Heart Study

Tertiles*Men
Women
Case/person-yearHR (95% CI)Case/person-year§HR (95% CI)
Non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)
 T-157/1,894178/3,4041
 T-256/1,8831.02 (0.69–1.52)105/3,3441.33 (0.96–1.83)
 T-389/1,6542.23 (1.41–3.43)136/3,1231.80 (1.32–2.46)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)
 T-189/1,7891106/3,3141
 T-264/1,8620.76 (0.54–1.07)121/3,5091.02 (0.77–1.36)
 T-349/1,7800.59 (0.40–0.88)92/3,0480.97 (0.71–1.32)
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)
 T-157/1,905188/3,3641
 T-270/1,7941.34 (0.89–1.92)103/3,3271.23 (0.91–1.68)
 T-375/1,7321.71 (1.17–2.48)128/3,1801.61 (1.19–2.17)
Triglycerides (mg/dl)
 T-156/1,875178/3,4281
 T-268/1,7981.40 (0.94–2.07)110/3,3241.36 (0.99–1.87)
 T-378/1,7581.39 (1.00–1.98)131/3,1191.61 (1.17–2.22)
Ratio of total/HDL cholesterol
 T-143/1,937186/3,4011
 T-268/1,8381.85 (1.23–2.79)102/3,3131.16 (0.85–1.59)
 T-391/1,6552.46 (1.65–3.68)131/3,1571.48 (1.09–2.00)
 Total202/5,431319/9,871
  • *

    * Tertiles for diabetic men: non-HDL, <127, 127–162, >162; HDL, 36, 36–44, >44; LDL, <91, 91–115, >115; triglyceride, <106, 106–175, >175; total/HDL ratio, <4.1, 4.1–5.3, >5.3. Tertiles for diabetic women: non-HDL, <127, 127–160, >160; HDL, <40, 40–49, >49; LDL, <90, 90–115, >115; triglyceride, <113, 113–176, >176; total/HDL ratio, <3.8, 3.8–4.9, >4.9.

  • Case/person-year: diabetic (n = 772) and nondiabetic (n = 913).

  • §

    § Case/person-year: diabetic (n = 1,336) and nondiabetic (n = 1,147).

  • Adjusted for age, BMI, smoking status, study center, systolic blood pressure, HbA1c, fibrinogen, insulin, and ratio of albumin to creatine.