Table 1—

Risk ratios with 99% CIs for the diabetic versus the nondiabetic population for at least one hospitalization or physician claim for an infectious disease

Diagnosis1999 Cohort
1996 Cohort
Risk ratio (99% CI)Rate in diabetic population (per 100,000)Risk ratio (99% CI)Rate in diabetic population (per 100,000)
All infectious diseases1.21 (1.20–1.22)*46,0481.21 (1.20–1.22)*47,454
Infectious diseases potentially treatable on an outpatient basis
 Upper respiratory tract infections1.18 (1.17–1.19)*28,4541.18 (1.17–1.19)*29,558
 Cystitis1.39 (1.36–1.42)*5,4911.43 (1.39–1.46)*5,564
 Pneumonia1.46 (1.42–1.49)*4,9191.48 (1.43–1.52)*4,786
 Cellulitis1.81 (1.76–1.86)*4,6261.85 (1.80–1.91)*4,671
 Enteric infections1.50 (1.46–1.54)*4,0871.53 (1.48–1.58)*4,482
 Otitis externa1.14 (1.09–1.18)*1,7341.16 (1.11–1.21)*1,756
 Mycoses1.38 (1.32–1.44)*1,3961.41 (1.34–1.48)*1,475
 Genital infections (male)0.89 (0.86–0.89)*1,3400.94 (0.90–0.98)1,583
 Otitis media1.21 (1.15–1.28)*1,0711.24 (1.18–1.32)*1,106
 Chicken pox/shingles1.16 (1.09–1.22)*8161.26 (1.17–1.35)*793
 Viral hepatitis1.49 (1.39–1.60)*6821.49 (1.37–1.61)*661
 Pyelonephritis1.95 (1.78–2.13)*4861.86 (1.69–2.05)*505
 Tuberculosis1.12 (1.03–1.23)3441.21 (1.10–1.35)*343
 Osteomyelitis4.39 (3.80–5.06)*3404.15 (3.54–4.87)*334
 Herpes simplex virus0.92 (0.84–1.02)2530.96 (0.86–1.07)283
 Genital infections (female)1.16 (1.04–1.30)2341.31 (1.17–1.47)*287
 Mononucleosis1.60 (1.39–1.85)*1591.46 (1.24–1.73)*148
 Rectal abscess1.97 (1.67–2.32)*1442.14 (1.80–2.55)*170
 Mastoiditis1.06 (0.90–1.24)991.12 (0.96–1.32)135
 Infectious arthritis1.72 (1.42–2.08)*981.88 (1.52–2.32)*107
 Human immunodeficiency virus0.96 (0.78–1.18)571.02 (0.80–1.31)54
Infectious diseases requiring hospitalization
 Sepsis2.45 (2.23–2.68)*5392.54 (2.28–2.82)*512
 Postoperative infections2.02 (1.80–2.27)*2832.31 (2.02–2.64)*308
 Biliary tree infections1.60 (1.39–1.83)*1731.59 (1.36–1.87)*169
 Peritonitis1.94 (1.58–2.37)*932.40 (1.93–2.99)*116
 Appendicitis1.19 (0.96–1.47)621.03 (0.80–1.32)54
  • *

    * P < 0.0001;

  • P < 0.001.