Table 2—

5-year risk of incident hypertension by baseline characteristics

CharacteristicBaseline (n)Incident hypertensionRisk (%)P
Total population84020224.0
Age0.13
 39–54 years45510022.0
 55–69 years38510226.5
Sex0.22
 Men3809926.0
 Women46010322.4
Ethnicity0.001
 African Americans2047134.8
 Hispanics2985618.8
 Non-Hispanic whites3387522.2
Cigarette smoking status0.17
 Current1373223.4
 Past3329127.4
 Never3707921.4
SI0.007
 <1.44 (median)38410727.9
 ≥1.44 (median)3887619.6