Table 2—

Prevalence of complications at baseline and follow-up

Men
Women
BaselineFollow-upBaselineFollow-up
n51486257
Retinopathy
 Background8 (16)17 (36)8 (13)19 (33)
 Preproliferative05 (11)03 (5)
 Laser-treated010 (21)1 (2)16 (28)
Nephropathy
 Microalbuminuria02 (4)1 (2)4 (7)
 Proteinuria02 (4)1 (2)3 (5)
 Receiving dialysis01 (2)01 (2)
 Transplant0002 (4)
 Died from renal failure0002 (4)
Peripheral neuropathy01 (2)011 (19)
Required toe amputation01 (2)01 (2)
Autonomic neuropathy04 (8)06 (11)
One serious complication*016 (33)2 (3)7 (12)
Two serious complications02 (4)06 (11)
Three or more serious complications01 (2)07 (12)
  • Data are n or n (%).

  • *

    * Defined as any one of the following: preproliferative or laser-treated retinopathy, proteinuria or more severe renal disease, peripheral neuropathy, or autonomic neuropathy.