Table 2—

BMI and metabolic characteristics of subjects at baseline at week 6 after low- or high-GI diet (n = 14)

Low-GI period
High-GI period
P*
Baseline6 weeksBaseline6 weeks
Fasting serum glucose (mmol/l)10.1 ± 0.998.9 ± 0.6610.9 ± 1.4310.0 ± 0.990.04
A1c (%)8.5 ± 0.288.1§ ± 0.248.6 ± 0.38.6 ± 0.240.02
BMI (kg/m2)32.4 ± 1.631.8 ± 1.632.3 ± 1.632.3 ± 1.60.05
Weight (kg)91.6 ± 6.590.1 ± 6.292.6 ± 6.892.0 ± 6.60.04
  • Data are means ± SEM.

  • *

    * General lineal model (repeated measures) global results. Bonferroni test

  • P = 0.03 (low GI vs. high GI);

  • P = 0.04 (baseline, 6-week low-GI period);

  • §

    § P = 0.001 (low-GI vs. high-GI period);

  • P = 0.04 (baseline, 6-week low-GI period);

  • P = 0.06 (baseline, 6-week low-GI period).