Table 1—

Baseline risk factors for incidence of diabetes stratified by ethnicity and diabetes incidence status

VariablesMexican Americans (n = 1,996)
Non-Hispanic whites (n = 1,232)
DiabeticNondiabeticP valueDiabeticNondiabeticP value
Age (years)47.742.0<0.00148.344.50.007
Sex (% male)38.041.80.28847.844.40.574
SES*42.346.50.00961.561.50.995
Neighborhood (%)
 Barrio54.040.80.0010.017
 Transitional25.726.00.00156.541.90.017
 Suburb20.433.10.00143.558.10.017
BMI (kg/m2)31.427.5<0.00129.825.4<0.001
Weight (lbs)178.6160.1<0.001192.3161.5<0.001
Subscapular-to-tricep ratio1.441.330.0081.391.140.003
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)96.887.4<0.001100.087.5<0.001
Fasting insulin (mg/dl)21.913.2<0.00120.711.1<0.001
2-h glucose (mg/dl)140.4106.1<0.001135.8100.1<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)123.2114.6<0.001122.8113.2<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)75.071.7<0.00175.270.3<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)44.851.8<0.00145.155.8<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)126.0123.10.244131.4123.60.083
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)203.4201.50.502216.6203.10.009
Triglycerides (mg/dl)181.8140.1<0.001221.8122.2<0.001
  • *

    * Duncan Socioeconomic Index.