Table 1

Food profile of diet interventions

LC diet, 1,429 kcalHC diet, 1,429 kcal
∙ 30 g high-fiber, low-GI cereal*∙ 40 g high-fiber, low-GI cereal*
∙ 1 crispbread (e.g., Ryvita)*∙ 5 crispbread (e.g., Ryvita)*
∙ 250 g lean chicken, pork, fish, red meat (3-4 times/week)∙ 1/2 cup cooked pasta/rice/potato*
∙ 40 g almonds and 20 g pecans*∙ 2 slices wholegrain bread (70 g)
∙ 3 cups low-starch vegetables∙ 80 g lean chicken, pork, red meat (4 times/week)*
(exclude potato/sweet potato/corn)∙ 80 g fish (2 times/week)*
∙ 200 mL skim (<1% fat) milk∙ 80 g legumes (1 time/week)*
∙ 100 g diet yogurt∙ 3 cups vegetables
∙ 20 g (1 slice) regular cheese∙ 400 g fruit
∙ 30 g (6 tsp) margarine/oil of monounsaturated variety (e.g., canola oil/margarine)∙ 250 mL reduced-fat (1–2%) milk
∙ 150 g reduced-fat yogurt
∙ 20 g (1 slice) regular cheese
∙ 25 g (5 tsp) margarine/oil of monounsaturated variety (e.g., canola oil/margarine)
  • GI, glycemic index.

  • *Key foods supplied, representing ∼30% of total energy intake.