Table 2—

Biochemical profile on admission

SC-1hSC-2hRegular IV insulin
n151515
Age (years)36 ± 838 ± 1240 ± 13
Sex (M/F)11/410/510/5
BMI (kg/m2)27 ± 629 ± 727 ± 7
DKA precipitating cause
    Poor compliance8 (53)9 (60)9 (60)
    New-onset diabetes3 (20)3 (20)2 (13)
Glucose (mmol/l)44 ± 2142 ± 2140 ± 13
Bicarbonate (mmol/l)7.1 ± 37.6 ± 47.1 ± 4
Venous pH7.14 ± 0.097.15 ± 0.127.11 ± 0.17
Anion gap (mmol/l)24 ± 524 ± 624 ± 7
Serum potassium (mmol/l)5.3 ± 1.65.7 ± 1.14.9 ± 1.3
Serum osmolality (mmol/kg)319 ± 30312 ± 27317 ± 20
β-Hydroxybutyrate (mmol/l)9.8 ± 29.1 ± 38.8 ± 3
Free fatty acids (mmol/l)1.4 ± 0.81.5 ± 0.61.4 ± 0.7
HbA1c (%)11.5 ± 1.611.4 ± 211.7 ± 2
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).