Table 2—

Plasma markers of oxidative stress in the healthy control group and diabetic groups

ControlPN/CANPN+/CANPN+/CAN+
n856210522
8-iso-PGF2α (nmol/l)0.76 ± 0.09*1.20 ± 0.191.17 ± 0.111.15 ± 0.36
O2·− (mV)2.56 ± 0.22*3.31 ± 0.344.20 ± 0.30§5.17 ± 0.66
ONOO lag time (min)49.5 ± 1.4*44.0 ± 1.342.3 ± 1.140.5 ± 2.6
Vitamin E-to-lipid ratio ([μmol/l] · [mmol/l]−1)4.42 ± 0.15*3.96 ± 0.203.16 ± 0.11§3.52 ± 0.33
Vitamin C (μmol/l)57.5 ± 2.6*61.1 ± 2.850.4 ± 2.4§51.8 ± 5.4
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 for control vs. PN+/CAN;

  • P < 0.05 for PN/CAN vs. control;

  • P < 0.05 for PN/CAN vs. PN+/CAN+;

  • §

    § P < 0.05 for PN+/CAN vs. PN/CAN;

  • P < 0.05 for PN+/CAN+ vs. control.