Table 3—

Multivariate models identifying factors independently associated with the NIS-LL

Variables added to original model/independent factorsAssociations with NIS-LL when included in model
βSE (β)P
Original model
    Diabetes duration0.1370.0530.010
    Triglycerides0.0140.0060.015
Original model + superoxide
    Superoxide0.4450.1800.015
    Diabetes duration0.1420.0550.011
    Triglycerides0.0120.0060.041
Original model + peroxynitrite
    Peroxynitrite−0.1240.0520.019
Original model + vitamin C
    Retinopathy2.6911.0740.013
Original model + vitamin E-to-lipid ratio
    Diabetes duration0.1570.0570.007
    Type 2 diabetes2.5411.1770.032
Original model + 8-iso-PGF2α
    Diabetes duration0.1440.0570.013
    Triglycerides0.0150.0060.019