Table 2—

Baseline characteristics of 628 diabetic individuals

Periodontal disease
No or mildModerateSevere
n (men/women)39/8056/80127/246
Age (years)43 ± 747 ± 1055 ± 11
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)10.0 ± 4.110.9 ± 4.611.9 ± 4.4
Duration of diabetes (years)5.2 ± 5.97.4 ± 6.712.8 ± 7.4
HbA1c (%)7.5 ± 2.48.1 ± 4.68.9 ± 2.5
BMI (kg/m2)36 ± 935 ± 731 ± 9
Cholesterol (mmol/l)4.7 ± 1.04.5 ± 84.8 ± 1.1
Smoking
    Never605665
    Past (none in last year)251917
    Up to one pack/day152317
    More than one pack/day021
ECG abnormalities048
Hypertension313948
Macroalbuminuria31331
  • Data are means ± SD or percent. Numbers of missing values for some variables are as follows: HbA1c, 63; BMI, 2; current smoking, 3; ECG abnormalities, 30.