Table 1—

Absolute changes from baseline in fasting glucose, insulin, waist circumference, muscle strength, energy expenditure, and energy intake during home-based training (9 months, 12 months) for the RT&WL and WL groups and the net difference between groups

9-month change from baseline
12-month change from baseline
RT&WLWLNet difference (95% CI)RT&WLWLNet difference (95% CI)
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)−0.8 ± 2.2−0.7 ± 2.1−0.1 (−1.7 to 1.5)0.3 ± 2.2−0.5 ± 2.10.8 (−0.8 to 2.4)
Fasting serum insulin (pmol/l)*1.6 ± 45.6−16.5 ± 47.218.1 (−16.0 to 52.1)−0.1 ± 46.8−19.3 ± 50.119.2 (−16.3 to 54.7)
Insulin sensitivity (HOMA) (%)*−0.6 ± 5.44.1 ± 6.1−4.7 (−8.9 to −0.5)0.04 ± 5.55.4 ± 6.5−5.4 (−9.8 to −1.0)
Waist circumference (cm)−6.9 ± 4.7−6.1 ± 4.3−0.8 (−4.1 to 2.5)−3.4 ± 4.7−2.0 ± 4.3−1.4 (−4.8 to 1.8)
Muscle strength
    Upper body (kg)26.3 ± 22.8−2.5 ± 19.128.8 (12.0–45.2)26.4 ± 22.8−0.2 ± 19.126.6 (9.6–42.9)
    Lower body (kg)7.1 ± 6.10.7 ± 5.46.4 (2.1–10.6)4.9 ± 6.4−0.1 ± 5.45.0 (0.5–9.3)
Energy expenditure (kcal/day)−65 ± 195−187 ± 244122 (−38 to 281)−132 ± 195−192 ± 24460 (−99 to 220)
Total energy intake (kcal/day)−208 ± 573−166 ± 399−42 (−426 to 329)−262 ± 532§−229 ± 401§−33 (−389 to 342)
  • Data are means ± SD or means (95% CI). Net difference refers to the within-group change from baseline in the RT&WL group minus the within-group change from baseline in the WL group.

  • *

    * Data log-transformed for statistical analysis;

  • P < 0.05 for within-group differences from baseline;

  • P < 0.05 for between-group difference from baseline;

  • §

    § significant from baseline.