Table 3—

Age of achievement of early and late developmental milestones according to tertiles of mean daily consumption of DBM during the first 7 days of life

“Lifting head while prone”“Following with eyes”“Walking without help”“Speaking first words”
Reference (Denver Developmental Scale)8.0 (5.0–17.0)8.0 (5.0–16.0)52.0 (48.0–64.0)44.0 (26.0–60.0)
ODM (all infants)8.0 (1.0–28.0)/ 12/201 (6.0%)10.0 (3.0–24.0)/ 11/188 (5.8%)52.0 (36.0–72.0)/ 10/132 (7.6%)48.0 (24.0–100.0)/ 13/84 (15%)
ODM according to tertiles of DBM volume
    First tertile8.0 (1.0–24.0)/ 4/67 (6.0%)12.0 (3.0–24.0)/ 2/63 (3.2%)56.0 (36.0–72.0) 7/44 (16%)44.0 (32.0–72.0)/ 4/28 (14%)
    Second tertile8.0 (2.0–28.0)/ 5/67 (7.5%)10.0 (4.0–24.0)/ 6/62 (9.7%)54.0 (44.0–72.0)/ 2/44 (4.5%)46.0 (24.0–72.0)/ 2/28 (7.1%)
    Third tertile6.0 (2.0–24.0)/ 3/67 (4.5%)*8.0 (3.0–24.0)/ 3/63 (4.8%)*52.0 (38.0–68.0)/ 1/44 (2.3%)48.0 (32.0–100.0)/ 7/28 (25%)
  • Data are median (95% CI) or median (range)/delayed/total.

  • *

    * P = 0.002 across tertiles by Kruskal-Wallis test;

  • P = 0.02 by χ2 test for trend;

  • P = 0.036 by Kruskall-Wallis test.