Table 2—

Percent change in metabolic indices between 1987 and 1997 for the active and sedentary men and women

Active
Sedentary
P
BaselineFollow-upΔB − FBaselineFollow-upΔB − F
BMI (kg/m2)27.3 ± 0.227.2 ± 0.4−0.1−0.3727.6 ± 0.428.9 ± 0.3+1.31.09NS
sBP (mmHg)129 ± 7135 ± 5+6+4.65131 ± 8141 ± 5+107.63<0.03
Glucose (mmol/l)5.6 ± 1.45.8 ± 1.2+0.2+3.575.6 ± 1.75.8 ± 1.3+0.23.57NS
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.4 ± 1.65.4 ± 1.4+0.1−0.065.3 ± 1.35.5 ± 1.3+0.23.77<0.05
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.6 ± 0.72.7 ± 1.0+0.13.852.9 ± 0.93.1 ± 1.2+0.26.89<0.02
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.1 ± 0.31.2 ± 0.8+0.1+9.091.1 ± 0.30.9 ± 0.8−0.2−18.18<0.001
Triglycerides (μmol/l)2.14 ± 1.11.96 ± 1.6−0.18−8.412.2 ± 1.22.9 ± 1.4+0.731.82<0.001
Insulin (pmol/l)276 ± 200273 ± 212−3−1.09311 ± 234299 ± 230−12−3.86<0.05
HOMA-IR6.86±7.04 ± 0.8+0.18+6.047.71 ± 0.407.74 ± 0.33+0.03+4.6NS
Waist circumference (cm)92.5 ± 4.594.5 ± 5.5+22.1290.5 ± 6.3101.3 ± 9.5+10.810.66<0.001
METs5.7 ± 0.85.9 ± 0.9+0.23.515.8 ± 1.05.0 ± 1.0−0.8−13.79<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD. ΔB − F, absolute baseline minus follow-up; %Δ, percent change from baseline to follow-up.