Table 1—

Mean component values of the metabolic syndrome at baseline and after 2 years of low-calorie diet

Baseline2 yearsP
BMI (kg/m2)37.6 ± 5.6334.0 ± 5.45<0.001
Body weight (kg)93.1 ± 18.1783.9 ± 14.33<0.001
Waist circumference (cm)110.3 ± 12.30102.6 ± 10.70<0.001
Serum triglycerides (mg/dl)163.2 ± 69.32132.8 ± 51.98<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)46.3 ± 11.1052.8 ± 15.660.003
Blood glucose (mg/dl)108.0 ± 17.90101.5 ± 17.760.004
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)*143.2 ± 19.68133.9 ± 16.130.003
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)*84.2 ± 9.7475.9 ± 10.90<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * Twenty-three patients were on constant hypotensive drug therapy during the overall period of the study.