Table 2—

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components by sex, age-group, and glycemic control

Total prevalence
Age-group (years)
A1C (%)
MenWomen18–3030–4040–50>50<7.57.5–9.0>9.0
n1,2411,1747277295943655781,087695
Metabolic syndrome (%)384033404147*313651*
Hypertension (%)7663*51698090*607176*
Low HDL cholesterol (%)2842*38373427*343340
High triglycerides (%)2414*19201917131628*
Abdominal obesity (%)1220*9152026*101621*
  • Data are% of the total n given at the top of each column.

  • *

    * P < 0.001,

  • P < 0.01 for men vs. women, age-group difference, and A1C group difference.