Table 2—

For patients with elevated blood pressure, action taken, type of action, or reasons for inaction

All patients with elevated BPElevated BP, “near goal”Elevated BP, “above previous goal”P value
n478203275
Action taken167 (34.9)27 (13.3)140 (50.9)<0.001
Type of action*
    Increasing dose of medication or adding medication138 (82.6)18 (66.7)120 (85.7)0.017
    Dietary/lifestyle intervention41 (24.6)8 (29.6)33 (23.6)0.503
    Missing2 (1.2)1 (3.7)1 (0.70)NA
Action not taken311 (65.1)176 (86.7)135 (49.1)<0.001
Reasons for inaction*
    BP at or near goal167 (53.7)132 (75.0)35 (25.9)<0.001
    Competing demands53 (17.0)19 (10.8)34 (25.2)0.001
    BP improving17 (5.5)7 (4.0)10 (7.4)0.187
    Orthostatic risk7 (2.3)4 (2.3)3 (2.2)NA
    New or transient increase54 (17.4)13 (7.4)41 (30.4)<0.001
    Unfamiliar with patient29 (9.3)11 (6.3)18 (13.3)0.033
    All other reasons combined70 (22.5)22 (12.5)48 (35.6)<0.001
  • Data are n (%). Note that the P value is based on a χ2 test between blood pressure elevation and action (yes or no), i.e., the last two columns.

  • *

    * More than one type of action or reason for inaction could be listed. BP, blood pressure.