Table 1—

Subject characteristics

WomenMenAll
n290117407
Age (years)69 ± 1169 ± 1269 ± 11
Height (cm)161.0 ± 6.6175.3 ± 7.2*165.1 ± 9.3
Weight (kg)69.4 ± 12.582.8 ± 12.5*73.3 ± 13.9
BMI (kg/m2)26.8 ± 4.426.9 ± 3.526.8 ± 4.2
Fat mass (%)39.8 ± 6.928.2 ± 5.6*36.4 ± 8.4
Fat mass (kg)27.7 ± 8.723.3 ± 7.1*26.4 ± 8.5
Fat-free mass (kg)40.6 ± 5.157.9 ± 7.0*45.6 ± 9.7
Waist circumference (cm)85.1 ± 10.596.4 ± 9.8*88.3 ± 11.5
Vo2max (ml · kg−1 · min−1)19.5 ± 4.723.4 ± 6.6*20.6 ± 5.6
Vo2max (l/min)1.35 ± 0.401.94 ± 0.61*1.52 ± 0.54
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.2 ± 0.65.4 ± 0.65.2 ± 0.6
Fasting plasma insulin (pmol/l)58.8 ± 48.664.6 ± 40.960.5 ± 46.5
ISI5.32 ± 3.144.43 ± 2.415.06 ± 2.97
Glucose AUC (mmol · l−1 · min−1)959 ± 2141,008 ± 204973 ± 212
Insulin AUC (×103, pmol · l−1 · min−1)41.3 ± 20.447.7 ± 25.043.2 ± 22.0
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • * P < 0.0001,

  • P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.05 for difference between women and men.