Table 1—

Demographics and metabolic characteristics of all subjects

Cross sectional (n = 106)Longitudinal (n = 47)
P
BaselineFollow-up
Demographics
    Sex (men/women)47/5920/27
    Normal glucose tolerance/impaired glucose tolerance70/3630/17
    Age (years)45 ± 144.2 ± 1.745.0 ± 1.7
    Body weight (kg)85.6 ± 1.986.8 ± 2.983.6 ± 2.7<0.0001
    Body fat (%)31.4 ± 0.831.6 ± 1.230.5 ± 1.20.048
Metabolic
    Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.12 ± 0.055.09 ± 0.065.02 ± 0.070.07
    2-h glucose (mmol/l)7.09 ± 0.167.04 ± 0.236.33 ± 0.220.02
    Fasting insulin (pmol/l)60 ± 453 ± 445 ± 40.004
    2-h insulin (pmol/l)533 ± 42459 ± 53326 ± 430.0007
    Insulin sensitivity (μmol ·     kg−1 · min−1 · pmol/l−1)0.063 ± 0.0030.067 ± 0.0050.073 ± 0.0070.02
    Liver fat (%)5.57 ± 0.64*5.25 ± 1.003.45 ± 0.660.0002
    AHSG (mg/ml)269 ± 11260 ± 17192 ± 140.006
  • Data are means ± SE. Available in

  • *

    * 90 and in

  • 30 subjects. P for paired differences.