Table 1—

Patient data

Nondiabetic groupDiabetic group
n3821
Age (years)75 (50–89)72 (51–87)
Male sex (%)5138
Admission blood glucose (mmol/l)6.0 (4.5–10.4)9.2 (3.2–19.5)
Time to admission glucose (h)*7 (1–23)6 (1–21)
Admission hyperglycemia (≥7.0 mmol/l) (%)3281
Admission A1C (%)5.6 (3.9–7.0)7.5 (5.1–12.9)
Stroke onset to start CGMS (h)18 (5–44)15 (6–41)
Feeding (%)
    Oral6867
    Nasogastric2933
Glucose-lowering treatment (%)
    Oral014
    Subcutaneous insulin329
    Combined014
Admission NIHSS score9 (1–26)11 (3–23)
Insular cortical involvement (%)4247
Baseline DWI lesion volume (ml)14 (0.0–128)13 (0.0–117)
  • Data are median (range) unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Time from stroke onset to measurement of admission blood glucose in hours. DWI, diffusion-weighted imaging; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.