Table 2—

Multivariate regression analysis exploring predictors of early and late PSH

Prognostic variablesRatio*95% CIP value
Early hyperglycemia: 8–24 h post-stroke (n = 49)
    Diabetes1.221.13–1.33<0.001
    IC+1.131.03–1.230.007
    Age (per 10 years)1.051.01–1.090.013
    Baseline DWI volume (ml)0.960.91–1.010.141
    Baseline NIHSS score1.000.99–1.010.838
    Sex0.970.86–1.080.613
Late hyperglycemia: 24–88 h poststroke (n = 53)
    Diabetes1.431.35–1.51<0.001
    IC+1.101.05–1.15<0.001
    Age (per 10 years)1.041.02–1.070.002
    Baseline DWI volume (ml)1.010.97–1.030.411
    Baseline NIHSS score1.000.99–1.000.318
    Sex1.010.98–1.050.437
  • Pooled data include patients with and without diabetes.

  • *

    * Proportional change in glucose per unit increase in each explanatory variable. DWI, diffusion-weighted imaging; IC+, insular cortical ischemia; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.