Table 1—

Presence of selected CVD risk factors and of at least two CVD risk factors by age, sex, ethnicity, diabetes type, and duration of diabetes

Total (n)↑BP↑TGs↓HDL↑WaistAt least two CVD risk factorsχ2P value*
Age at examination
    3–9 years46676 (16)17 (4)31 (7)61 (13)34 (7)<0.0001
    10–19 years1,630497 (30)374 (23)254 (16)381 (23)402 (25)
Sex
    Female1,083282 (26)219 (20)131 (12)280 (26)244 (23)0.0438
    Male1,013291 (29)172 (17)154 (15)162 (16)192 (19)
Race/ethnicity
    Native American4125 (61)27 (66)17 (41)23 (56)28 (68)
    Asian/Pacific Islander4618 (39)14 (30)11 (24)15 (33)17 (37)
    African American17368 (39)35 (20)25 (14)63 (36)55 (32)
    Multiple race8225 (30)10 (12)11 (13)27 (33)19 (23)
    Hispanic22579 (35)67 (30)39 (17)68 (30)79 (35)
    Non-Hispanic white1,529358 (23)238 (16)182 (12)246 (16)238 (16)<0.0001
Diabetes type
    Type 1A1,376305 (22)198 (14)126 (9)208 (15)198 (14)
    Possible type 1A14254 (38)36 (25)32 (23)56 (39)60 (42)
    Hybrid2919 (66)16 (55)15 (52)27 (93)23 (79)
    Possible type 1389107 (28)60 (15)45 (12)42 (11)48 (12)
    Possible type 29742 (43)40 (41)29 (30)49 (51)49 (51)
    Type 26346 (73)41 (65)38 (60)60 (95)58 (92)<0.0001
Duration of diabetes
    <1 year16943 (25)22 (13)36 (21)54 (32)43 (25)
    1 year1,927530 (28)369 (19)249 (13)388 (20)393 (20)0.121
  • Data are n (%) unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Test for at least two CVD risk factors versus less than two CVD risk factors. ↑BP, systolic or diastolic blood pressure ≥90th percentile for age, sex, and height or taking blood pressure medication; ↓HDL, HDL cholesterol ≤40 mg/dl; ↑TG, triglycerides ≥110 mg/dl; ↑Waist, waist circumference ≥90th percentile for age and sex.