Table 1—

Participant characteristics and association with diabetes prevention advice and diabetes screening advice scale scores

TotalDiabetes prevention adviceDiabetes screening advice
Age (years)
    <34344.99 ± 1.461.65 ± 1.24
    34 to <38354.81 ± 1.401.62 ± 1.18
    ≥38314.92 ± 1.341.83 ± 1.15
Race
    Non-Hispanic white715.00 ± 1.281.60 ± 1.20
    Hispanic55.09 ± 1.301.64 ± 1.12
    Asian/Pacific Islander134.51 ± 1.721.90 ± 1.11
    African American74.60 ± 1.681.93 ± 1.16
    Other41.48 ± 1.932.00 ± 1.41
Education
    High school degree only84.81 ± 1.501.53 ± 1.12
    Some college284.81 ± 1.631.65 ± 1.26
    College or advanced degree644.98 ± 1.281.72 ± 1.17
Annual household income
    Less than $40,000164.57 ± 1.651.49 ± 1.25
    $40,000 to <$75,0000334.94 ± 1.261.82 ± 1.11
    ≥$75,000514.96 ± 1.431.64 ± 1.21
Family history of diabetes*544.90 ± 1.391.60 ± 1.16
Current diabetes55.55 ± 0.692.64 ± 0.67
History of dyslipidemia255.28 ± 1.122.06 ± 1.11
Hypertension outside of pregnancy115.12 ± 1.561.96 ± 1.27
Current cigarette smoking11%4.62 ± 1.811.35 ± 1.23
Duration of breast-feeding without formula
    No breast-feeding or <3 months544.89 ± 1.431.65 ± 1.19
    3 months to <1 year324.77 ± 1.421.70 ± 1.22
    ≥1 year or more145.13 ± 1.311.74 ± 1.21
Current BMI
    <25 kg/m2344.75 ± 1.531.69 ± 1.18
    25 to <30 kg/m2234.92 ± 1.381.43 ± 1.19
    ≥30 kg/m2435.04 ± 1.271.84 ± 1.18
Number of months since delivery
    <15 months325.03 ± 1.491.86 ± 1.18
    15 to <33 months324.89 ± 1.361.66 ± 1.18
    ≥33 months354.82 ± 1.351.58 ± 1.18
Prenatal provider type
    Obstetrician/gynecologist914.91 ± 1.401.71 ± 1.19
    Family practitioner154.79 ± 1.321.94 ± 1.18
    Endocrinologist425.31 ± 0.942.11 ± 1.01
    Midwife65.23 ± 0.831.92 ± 1.12
    Dietitian605.17 ± 1.181.83 ± 1.15
    Other55.18 ± 1.081.64 ± 1.29
Insulin use during pregnancy445.42 ± 0.792.06 ± 1.01
  • Data are percent or means ± 1 SD. Boldface type indicates associations at P < 0.05.

  • *

    * Defined as first-degree relative with diabetes.

  • Women could see multiple provider types during pregnancy, so percentages do not sum to 100.